The current and voltage phasor transformation is defined as
Where and are phasors of voltage and current, and usually denoted with a tilde over capital letters , .
The real part of a complex number can also be found as , so the above two equations can be rewritten as
Power is defined as a product of voltage and current.
If we replace voltage and current in Equation eq:power in the time domain with Equations eq:phasorV and eq:phasorI we get
Multiplying the terms above, and rearanging, we get:
We can again apply equation to simplify the above equation to
This can also be rewritten as
p(t) above is instantaneous power, is complex power. Complex power has real and reactive parts S=P+jQ. The first part of the equation represents the average real power P delivered to the load , and the second part represents the fluctuating power. We are usually interested in the average real power P delivered to the load.
To find the real power delivered to the load, one would take the real part of the complex power. If we know that the impedance of the load is , the voltage is and we remember that then the real power is
 (a)
 What is the electrical length of the line? (answer: length=0.6)
 (b)
 How much power is delivered to the line? Hint: Find the input impedance, then find the input power as
 (c)
 What is the timeaverage power absorbed by .
 (d)
 If now we match load impedance to 50 Ohm line, what is the input impedance of the line, and how much average power is delivered to the line and load?
 Solution:

 a
 Electrical length of the line is .
 b
 The input impedance on the line is . The load reflection coefficient is . The input reflection coefficient is . The input current is . The input power is 23.4W.
 c
 The current at the load is . The average power at the load is 23.4W (the same as at the input). This is because we are assuming a lossless line, so all power delivered to the line will be delivered to the load.
 d
 When the load impedance is , the average input power is 25W. When the load is matched to the line and generator, we have the maximum power available from the generator delivered to the load.